Daily Project : - Each day as you first look at the sky, think about what you can see. Observe the clouds, the wind, plants, birds, animals, insects and anything else you can see. Now relate your observation to what you read in these pages.
Perhaps you could write your forecast of the days weather into a book or diary, as a permanent record.
Find more adages : - Ask your parents, grand-parents or other mature age persons in your neighbourhood "Do they remember adages from their younger days". Extend your knowledge on the subject by asking them if they remember any saying that are not in these pages.
Direction of weather : - Ask persons who have lived in a location for more than a couple of years "Where does your weather come from". This does not just mean bad weather it also includes fine weather.
I remember at school in 1942 our teacher who did not live in our country town, told the class that our weather came from the east over the hills visible from our classroom. The whole class immediately corrected her by stating that our weather came from the west. We had lived in the district for all of our life and even though we were not conscious of it we knew which direction the weather came from for our town.
Wind direction : - You will have noticed that several of the observations in these pages refer to the wind direction. Wind direction is always referred to by the direction that it is coming from, not the direction that it is going to.
In very calm weather sailors often place their finger in their mouth to wet it and hold it vertical in the air above their head. The side that the wind is coming from will within 10 seconds become colder than the other parts of the finger. Another sailors method to find wind direction is to look for smoke from chimneys or fires on the shore, it will indicate the wind direction at the point of the fire, which will probably be the same as where the sailor is located.
Finding the points of the Compass : - If your watch has an old style face with the numbers 1 to 12 showing around the edge (see right) you can use it to find north. Point the hour hand of the watch at the sun and half-way between the hour hand and the 12 will be north. Note This is how it works in the southern hemisphere.
In the northern hemisphere you point the 12 at the sun and half-way between the 12 and the hour hand will be south. Will someone please test this procedure and advise me if this is the correct method for the northern hemisphere.
Caution - - Where the above method mentions "point at the sun" it actually means to point at a position on the horizon which is directly beneath the sun. That point may be the corner of the house across the street or a mark on a distant mountain range. Remember your own shadow will be pointing away from the sun, so directly under the sun will be in the opposite direction to your that which your show is pointing.
Another method to find north (or south) is to stand a stick or pencil vertical in sun light, at about 10 or 11 a.m. and mark the top of the shadow of the stick with a coin or pebble. Continue to mark the point of the shadow each 10 to 15 minutes until 1 to 2 p.m. You will find that the markers have formed a curve. Extend a line from the base of the stick to the furthest point of the curve. In the northern hemisphere this line will point north and in the southern hemisphere it will point south.
Other equipment for forecasting.
They called it an onion calendar, it came from southern Russia. Read this unusual way of forecasting the whole 12 months of the year in one day.
Ancestor's Ritual For Forecasting Weather I am not too sure about the onion method.
It is as good as a weather forecasting stone in Serpent River, Wisconsin, USA. The stone is suspended from a solid frame by a piece of string.
- If the stone is swaying, it is windy.
- If the stone is still, it is a calm day.
- If the stone is hot, it is sunny.
- If the stone is cool, it is overcast.
- If the stone is white, it is snowing.
- If the stone is dry, it is fine weather.
- If the stone is wet, it is raining.
- If the stone is gone, there has been a tornado.
A common piece of equipment is the weather cock which can still be seen on many homes in the country. He faces into the wind thus indicating wind direction.